The English Alphabetic Code – With Audio

Give the chart a second or two to appear – it’s a big chart and there are lots of small files to load… Hover over any cell on the chart. A loudspeaker icon will appear. Click the icon for an audio demonstration of the sound/phoneme. Scroll to the bottom of the chart for an explanation of the colour coding used. NOTE: No Alphabetic Code Chart linking sounds to their many spelling alternatives can be entirely definitive as accents must always be taken into account. Some sounds of speech can be very difficult to reproduce accurately as individual or separate sounds – and some sounds may be effective, or acceptable, when said in a ‘stylised’ way through necessity.
Units of Sound
Phoneme/s
Graphemes (letters or letter groups) that are code for the sounds
Simple Code Complex Code
/s/ s
snake
-ce
palace
ce
cents
ci
city
cy
bicycle
sc e i y
scissors
PI Unit 7
-ss
glass
-se
house
-st-
castle
PI Unit 8
ps
pseudonym
PI Unit 12
/a/ a
apple
/t/ t
teddy
-tt
letter
-ed
ripped
PI Unit 4
-bt
debt
pt
pterodactyl
/i/ i
insect
-y
cymbals
PI Unit 9
/p/ p
pan
-pp
puppet
/n/ n
net
-nn
bonnet
kn
knot
PI Unit 7
gn
gnome
PI Unit 8
-ne
engine
PI Unit 12
/k/ c
cat
k
kit
-ck
duck
ch
chameleon
PI Unit 7
qu
bouquet
PI Unit 11
que
plaque
PI Unit 11
/e/ e
egg
-ea
head
-ai
said again against
a
any many
/h/ h
hat
wh
who
/r/ r
rat
-rr
arrow
wr
write
PI Unit 7
rh
rhinoceros
PI Unit 7
/m/ m
map
-mm
hammer
-me
welcome
-mb
thumb
PI Unit 7
-mn
columns
PI Unit 12
/d/ d
dig
-dd
puddle
-ed
rained
PI Unit 14
/g/ g
girl
-gg
juggle
gu
guitar
PI Unit 7
gh
gherkin
PI Unit 8
-gue
catalogue
PI Unit 12
/o/ o
octopus
wa
was watch
PI Unit 8
qua
qualify
PI Unit 8
alt
salt
PI Unit 12
/u/ u
umbrella
o
son
-ou
touch
PI Unit 8
-ough
thoroughfare
PI Unit 11
/l/ l
ladder
-ll
shell
/ul/ -le
kettle
-il
pencil
PI Unit 7
-al
hospital
PI Unit 7
-el
camel
PI Unit 7
/f/ f
feathers
-ff
cliff
ph
photograph
PI Unit 8
-gh
laugh
PI Unit 8
/b/ b
bat
-bb
rabbit
bu
building
PI Unit 7
/j/ j
jug
-ge
cabbage
-dge
fridge
PI Unit 7
ge
gerbil
gi
giraffe
gy
gymnast
/y/ y
yawn
/ai/ ai
first aid
-ay
tray
a
table
a-e
cake
-ae
sundae
PI Unit 6
-aigh
straight
PI Unit 9
-ey
they osprey prey
PI Unit 9
-ea
break
PI Unit 9
-et
bouquet
eigh
eight
PI Unit 9
/w/ w
web
wh
wheel
-u
penguin
/oa/ oa
oak
ow
bow
-oe
oboe
o-e
rope
o
yo-yo
-ough
dough
PI Unit 10
-eau
plateau
PI Unit 12
-ou
shoulder
/igh/ -ie
tie
-igh
night
i
behind
-y
fly
i-e
bike
ei
eider duck
PI Unit 9
/yoo/ u
unicorn
-ue
statue
u-e
tube
ew
new
PI Unit 10
eu
pneumatic drill
PI Unit 10
/ee/ e
emu
ee
eel
e-e
concrete
-ey
key
-ie
briefcase
PI Unit 9
-ine
sardines
PI Unit 12
ea
eat

Often pronounced
between
/i/ and /ee/
-y
sunny
-ey
monkey
PI Unit 9
-ie
movie
PI Unit 9
/or/
or similar sound
or
fork
PI Unit 7
ore
snore
PI Unit 7
-our
four
PI Unit 7
-oor
door
PI Unit 7
oar
oars
PI Unit 8
war
wardrobe
aw
dawn
PI Unit 7
au
sauce
PI Unit 7
-al
chalk
PI Unit 7
augh
caught
PI Unit 11
ough
thought
PI Unit 11
quar
quarter
PI Unit 11
/z/ z
zebra
-zz
jazz
-s
fries
-se
cheese
-ze
breeze
/ng/ -ng
gong
-n
jungle
PI Unit 12
/ngk/ -nk
ink
-nc
uncle
/v/ v
violin
-ve
dove
/oo/
short
-oo
book
-oul
would could should
-u
put push pull
/oo/
long
oo
moon
-ue
blue
u-e
flute
u
superb pearl
-ui
fruit
PI Unit 10
-ew
crew
PI Unit 7
-ou
soup
PI Unit 10
-o
move
PI Unit 10
-ough
through
PI Unit 11
/ks/ -x
fox
-ks
books
plural
-cks
ducks
plural
-kes
cakes
plural
/gz/ -x
exam
PI Unit 7
/ch/ ch
chair
-tch
patch
PI Unit 7
/chuh/
or / cher/
-ture
picture
PI Unit 12
/sh/ sh
sheep
ch
chef
PI Unit 8
-ti
station
PI Unit 8
-ci
musician
PI Unit 8
-ssi
admission
PI Unit 8
/th/
unvoiced
th
thistle
/th/
voiced
th
over there
/kw/ qu
queen
kw
awkward
/ou/ ou
ouch
ow
owl
-ough
plough
PI Unit 11
/oi/ oi
ointment
oy
toy
/er/ er
herbs
ir
birthday
ur
nurse
ear
earth
wor
world
/uh/
schwa
-er
mixer
-our
humour
-re
theatre
PI Unit 6 & 12
-ar
collar
-or
sailor
a
lava
/ar/ ar
artist
a
father
alm
palm
PI Unit 12
-alf
half
PI Unit 12
-alves
(calf) calves
PI Unit 12
/air/ air
hair
-are
square
-ear
bear
-ere
where
/eer/ eer
deer
ear
ears
-ere
adhere
-ier
cashier
/zh/ -si
television
PI Unit 8
-s
treasure
PI Unit 8
-ge
collage
PI Unit 8
-z
azure
PI Unit 8
g
courgette
PI Unit 8
No Nonsense Phonics Skills Key The complexities of the English Alphabetic Code